Testosterone research brings new hope for cancer patients with weight loss

Many cancer patients suffer from a loss of body mass known as cachexia. Approximately 20 percent of cancer-related deaths are attributed to the syndrome of cachexia, which in cancer patients is often characterized by a rapid or severe loss of fat and skeletal muscle. Dr. Melinda Sheffield-Moore, professor and head of the Department of Health … Continue reading Testosterone research brings new hope for cancer patients with weight loss

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Irradiating chest lymph nodes in patients with early stage breast cancer improves survival without increasing side effects

Giving radiation therapy to the lymph nodes located behind the breast bone and above the collar bone to patients with early stage breast cancer improves overall survival without increasing side effects, and this effect continues for 15 years, researchers have found. Professor Philip Poortmans, head of the department of radiation oncology at the Institut Curie, … Continue reading Irradiating chest lymph nodes in patients with early stage breast cancer improves survival without increasing side effects

Study explores carbohydrates’ impact on head, neck cancers

Consuming high amounts of carbohydrates and various forms of sugar during the year prior to treatment for head and neck cancer may increase patients' risks of cancer recurrence and mortality, a new study reports. However, eating moderate amounts of fats and starchy foods such as whole grains, potatoes and legumes after treatment could have protective … Continue reading Study explores carbohydrates’ impact on head, neck cancers

After the diagnosis: How cancer affects sexual functioning

A cancer diagnosis disrupts a person's life in many ways, including sexually. A study led by the University of Houston found that more than half of young cancer patients reported problems with sexual function, with the probability of reporting sexual dysfunction increasing over time. The study, recently published in the American Cancer Society journal Cancer, discovered … Continue reading After the diagnosis: How cancer affects sexual functioning

Scientists link pancreatic cancer survival to four genes

Alterations in four main genes are responsible for how long patients survive with pancreatic cancer, according to a new study in JAMA Oncology. Before now, the presence and patterns between the genes and disease progression was not clearly established. One key difference in this study is the relatively large size: it involved 356 patients who all had … Continue reading Scientists link pancreatic cancer survival to four genes

Breast cancer patients on opioids less likely to stick to vital treatment

A new study has found a troubling lack of adherence to a potentially lifesaving treatment regimen among breast cancer patients who take opioids to manage their pain. The treatment, adjuvant endocrine therapy, commonly known as hormone therapy, is used to prevent the cancer from returning after surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Opioid use, however, was … Continue reading Breast cancer patients on opioids less likely to stick to vital treatment

Early deaths from childhood cancer up to 4 times more common than previously reported

Treatments for childhood cancers have improved to the point that 5-year survival rates are over 80 percent. However, one group has failed to benefit from these improvements, namely children who die so soon after diagnosis that they are not able to receive treatment, or who receive treatment so late in the course of their disease … Continue reading Early deaths from childhood cancer up to 4 times more common than previously reported

Cervical cancer death rates higher among older and black women

A woman's risk of dying of cervical cancer is higher than long believed, particularly among older and black women, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests. The researchers found that black women in the United States are dying from cervical cancer at a rate 77 percent higher than previously thought while white … Continue reading Cervical cancer death rates higher among older and black women

Recovering Latina breast cancer patients report big gaps in ‘survivorship’ care

Breast cancer patients in one of the United States' largest and fastest-growing ethnic minority groups are likely to experience numerous gaps in care following their primary treatment, research from Oregon State University suggests. Seventy-four Latina women who had breast cancer participated in the "survivorship" care research, recruited through support groups and health fairs. The subjects, ages … Continue reading Recovering Latina breast cancer patients report big gaps in ‘survivorship’ care

Combining new and old drugs improves survival for soft-tissue cancer patients

Adding a novel monoclonal antibody therapy to traditional chemotherapy increased median survival by nearly a year in patients with advanced sarcoma, a lethal soft-tissue cancer. Findings from a multicenter clinical trial of the combination therapy, led by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian, represent the first appreciable improvement in sarcoma outcomes in decades. … Continue reading Combining new and old drugs improves survival for soft-tissue cancer patients